Star-UBB Seminar Series:- Evidence for strong progenitor age bias in supernova cosmology
Supernova(SN) cosmology is based on the assumption that the width-luminosity relation(WLR) and the color-luminosity relation(CLR) in the type Ia SN luminosity standardization would not show zero-point offsets with progenitor age. Unlike this expectation, recent age datings of stellar populations in host galaxies have shown significant correlations between progenitor age and Hubble residual(HR). Here the speaker and team show that this correlation originates from a strong progenitor age dependence of the zero-points of the WLR and CLR, in the sense that Supernovae(SNe) from younger progenitors are fainter each at given light-curve parameters x1 and c. This 4.6 sigma result is reminiscent of Baade’s discovery of the zero-point variation of the Cepheid period-luminosity relation with population age, and, as such, causes a serious systematic bias with redshift in SN cosmology. Other host properties show substantially smaller and insignificant offsets in the WLR and CLR for the same dataset. They illustrate that the differences between the high-z and low-z SNe in the WLR and CLR, and in HR after the standardization, are fully comparable to those between the correspondingly young and old SNe at intermediate redshift, indicating that the observed dimming of SNe with redshift may well be an artifact of over-correction in the luminosity standardization. When this systematic bias with redshift is properly taken into account, there is little evidence left for an accelerating universe, posing a serious question to one of the cornerstones of the concordance model.
講者：Lee Young-Wook(韓國 延世大學 Yonsei University)
Scientific and Technological Advanced Research- Babeș-Bolyai University(Star-UBB) Seminar Series in Gravitation, Cosmology and Astrophysics
Presently a period of rapid and intense change are being witnessed in our understanding of the gravitational force, at a rate that is quickly increasing since the important observational discoveries of the late 1990s. With the advent of new observational techniques, the emergence of important cosmological and astrophysical paradigms can be seen that lead to a deep change in our understanding of the Universe. Astronomical observations strongly suggest that at large scales the force of gravity may not behave according to standard general relativity, and that a generalization of the gravitational action, either at the geometric level, or at the matter level, may be required for a full understanding of the gravitational interaction.
The goal of the present seminar is to bring Theoretical Gravitational Physics closer to the observations and experiments, and to discuss current topics in general relativity, high-energy physics, astrophysics and cosmology.