Online Seminar “Scalar field emulator via anisotropically deformed vacuum energy”

Star-UBB Seminar Series:- Scalar field emulator via anisotropically deformed vacuum energy

In this talk, the speaker introduces a generalization of the usual vacuum energy via preserving zero inertial mass density. In return for zero inertial mass density, vacuum energy yields a particular form of anisotropic pressure. This ‘ansiotropicallly deformed vacuum energy’ couples to the shear scalar in a unique way, such that they together emulate the canonical scalar field with an arbitrary potential. This opens up a new avenue by reconsidering cosmologies based on canonical scalar fields, along with a bonus that the kinetic term of the scalar field is replaced by an observable, the shear scalar. There has been recent suggestions to address Hubble tension by reanalyzing the cosmological data by breaking down of the RW framework, e.g., allowing anisotropic expansion in the late universe and at the end of this talk, the speaker will show that via deformed vacuum energy, it is possible to generate anisotropies at cosmological scales in the late universe, which in turn can pave the way for considering such approaches to address some of the cosmological discrepancies.

時間:2023.11.23(四) 17:00~18:00
頻道:Zoom ID:853-7454-4159 ←
講者:Prof. Nihan Katirci (Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Dogus University, Umraniye/İstanbul, Turkey)


Scientific and Technological Advanced Research- Babeș-Bolyai University(Star-UBB) Seminar Series in Gravitation, Cosmology and Astrophysics

Presently a period of rapid and intense change are being witnessed in our understanding of the gravitational force, at a rate that is quickly increasing since the important observational discoveries of the late 1990s. With the advent of new observational techniques, the emergence of important cosmological and astrophysical paradigms can be seen that lead to a deep change in our understanding of the Universe. Astronomical observations strongly suggest that at large scales the force of gravity may not behave according to standard general relativity, and that a generalization of the gravitational action, either at the geometric level, or at the matter level, may be required for a full understanding of the gravitational interaction.

The goal of the present seminar is to bring Theoretical Gravitational Physics closer to the observations and experiments, and to discuss current topics in general relativity, high-energy physics, astrophysics and cosmology.


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